In addition to the military victories of by the Sahrawi Army against the Moroccan occupying forces since the resumption of the armed struggle on November 13th, the celebration is marked with big political and diplomatic achievements thanks to a growing international recognition of the Sahrawi people right to self-determination.
Whether in the liberated territories, in the occupied cities of Western Sahara or in the camps and the Diaspora, the Sahrawi people are commemorating the launch of the process of building the Sahrawi State, when the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Rio de Oro (Polisario Front) decided on February 27, 1976 to proclaim the SADR after the withdrawal of the Spanish occupation, following the signing of the Madrid tripartite agreement on November 14, 1975.
It also represents an opportunity for the Sahrawis to remember Morocco’s military aggression against their territories on October 31, 1975, when their State had just been created and was recovering from the scars of the Spanish colonialism.
November 6th of the same year would also forever mark the minds of the Sahrawis. On this day, the Moroccan occupation regime had decided to organize its "green march", which is in reality "a
black march in the history of the Maghreb region."
The images of thousands of Sahrawis fleeing the oppression of the heavily armed Moroccan army are still prevailing in people's minds, documenting crimes against humanity, referred to in the testimony of international human rights organizations.
In a statement to APS, Minister of Information, official spokesperson for the Sahrawi government, Hamada Salma affirmed that the Polisario Front is "the only liberation movement to have combined building and liberation in 1976 ".
In the aftermath of the martyrdom of Mustapha Sayed El-Ouali on June 9th, "we embarked into the military battle for liberation following a stage of positive defense".
At the political and organizational level, the first Sahrawi Government was formed on March 5, 1975 to launch the process of building State institutions, said Salma, stressing that the phase of building the new Republic coincided with the Moroccan aggression.
Subsequently, the Polisario Front was in the obligation to assume the management of the public affairs of the society, with the participation of the competences in particular female ones, as men being occupied with the war.
Evaluating the 45-year process of building, Hamada Salma said that the Sahrawi State is a "reality" after having succeeded in building complementary administrative and legal institutions both inside and outside.
The Sahrawi Republic has achieved under the leadership of the Polisario Front, the sole legitimate representative of the Sahrawi people, "great political and diplomatic achievements", in particular by obtaining international recognition by more than 80 States in Africa, Latin America and in Asia, in addition to being a founding member of the African Union (AU).