Since it joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on 12 January 1995, Algeria has continuously contributed, actively, to the multilateral efforts for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.
Today and when the world celebrates the 75th anniversary of the bombings of Hiroshima, Algeria remains committed to achieving the objectives of the treaty, considered as the corner stone of the international regime in the matter.
It is under Algeria’s presidency that the States parties adopted, in the works of NPT Review Conference in 2000, the 13 practical measures in order to totally eliminate nuclear weapons.
Like other countries, Algeria continues, until now, to call for the “full implementation, non-discriminatory and balances” of the Treaty’s three pillars, namely nuclear disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
In this respect, Algeria increases its efforts to urge the States parties to respect their commitment to implement the decision of 1995’s decision on the creation of zone free from nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, which constitutes an integral part of the decision of the indefinite extension of NPT in 1995.
The 10th NPT Review Conference, initially scheduled from 27 April to 22 May 2020 and postponed because of the Covid-19 pandemic, is seen by Algeria as a symbolic opportunity to conduct a thorough examination of the treaty’s state, the implementation of anterior obligations and commitments as well as the assessment of the challenges and obstacles delaying its full implementation.
On the occasion of the double celebration of the 50th anniversary of the entry into force of NPT and of the 25th anniversary of its indefinite extension, Algeria contributed with a group of active countries in the field to the elaboration of a joint- communiqué.
In this joint communiqué, the authors recall that, in its 50th session, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).